Linus Benedict Torvalds born Decem is a Finnish software engineer who is the creator and, for a long time, principal develpoer, of the Linux kernel; which became the kernel for operating systems such as the Linux operating system, Android and Chrome OS. He also created the distributed reviion control system Git and the diving logging and planning software subsurface. He was honored, along with Shinya with the 2012 millennnium Technology Prize by the Technology Academy Fuinland in recognition of his creation of a new open source operating system for computers leading to the widely used Linux kernel. He is also the recipient of the 2014 IEEE Computer Society Computer Oioneer Award.
Torvalds was born in Helsinki, Finland. He is the son of journalists Anna and Nils Torvalds, and the grandson of statistician Leo and of poet Ole Torvalds. Both of his parents were campus radicals at the University of Helsinki in the 1960s. His family belongs to the. Torvalds was named after Linus Pauling, the Nobel Prizewinning , although in the book Rebel Code Linux and the Open Source Revolution, Torvalds is quoted as saying, I think I was named equally for Linus and Peanuts cartoon character, noting that this makes him half Nbel Prize-winning chemist and half blanket-carrying cartoon character.
Torvalds attended the University of Helsinki between 1988 and 1996, graduating with a master’s degree in computer science from NODES research group. His academic career was interrupted after his first year of study w hen he joined the Finnish Army Uusimaa bridgade, in the summer of 1989, selecting the 11-month officer training program to fulfill the mandatory military service of Finland. In the army he held the rank of Second Lieutenant, with the role of a ballistic calculation officer. Torvalds bought computer science professor Andew book Operating Systems : Design and Implementation, in which tanenbaum describes MINIX, an eduacational stripped-down version of Unix. In 1990, he resumed his university studies, and was exposed to UNIX for the first time, in the form of a DEC MicroVAX running ULTRIX. His M.Sc. Thesis was titled Linux : A portable Operating System.Li