History of Linux

How to make linux alone
1. He wanted to create a free Unix
2. He had a freely available compiler
3. He had a computer
4. Computers don’t care how old you are. They just do as they are told.
The history of Linux began in 1991 with the commencement of a personal project by Finnish student Linus Torvalds to create a new free perating system kernel. Since then, the resulting Linux kernel has been marked by constant growth throughout its history. Since the initial release of its source code in 1991, it has gorwn from a small number of C files under a license prohibiting commercial dstribution to the 4.2.3 version in 2015 with more than 18 million lines of source code under the GNU General Public License v2.
Evnets leadting to creaon
After AT&T had dropped out of the Multics project, the Unix operating system was conceived and implemented by Ken Thompson and Dennis Ritchie in 1969 and first released in 1970. later they rewrote it in a new programming language, C to make it portable. The availability and protability of Unix caused it to be wiedly adopted, copied and modified by academic institutions and businesses.
In 1977, the Berkely Software Dsitribution was developed bt the computer systems reserach gruop from UC Berkely, based on the 6th edition of Unix from AT&T. Since BSD contained Unix code that AT&T owned, AT&T filed a lawsuit in the early 1990s against the University of California.
The cration of Linux.
In 1991, in Helsinki, Linus Torvalds began a project that later became the Lunux kernel. he wrote the program specifically for the hardware he was uisng and independent of an poerating system because he wanted to use the functions of his new PC with an 80386 processor. Development was done on MINIX using the GNU C compiler. The GNU C Compiler is still the main choice for compiling Linux today. The code hwever , an be built with other compilers, such as the Intel C Compiler.
As Torvalds wrote in his book Just for Fun, he eventually ended up writing an perating system kernel. On 25 August 1991, he announced this system in a Usenet positng to the newsgroup comp.os.minix
Hello everybody out there using minix-
I’m doing a free operating system just a hobby, won’t be big and professional like gnu for 386 AT clones. This has been brewing since april, and is starting to get ready. I’d lke any feedback on things people like/dislike in minx, as my OS resembles it somewhat (same physical layout of the file-system (due to practical reasons) among other things).
I have currently ported bash and gcc and things seem to work. This implies that I will get something practical within a few months, and I’d like to knwo what features most people would want. Any suggestion are welcome, but I won’t promise I will implment them
Yes it’s free of any minix cod, and it has a multi-threaded fs. it is not portable and it probably never will support anything other than AT-harddisks, as that’s all I have.
Linus Torvalds had wanted to call his invention Freax, a portmanteau of free, freak, and x. During the start of his work on the system. He sotred the files under the name Freax for about half of a year. Torvalds had already considered the name Linux, but initially dismissed it as too egotistical.
Linux under the GNU GPL
Torvald first publisehd the Linux kernel under its own licence, which had a restriction on commercial activity.
The software to use with the kernel was software developed as part of the GNU project licensed under the GNU General Public License, a fre software license. The first release of the linux kernel, Linux 0,01, included a binaery of GNU’s Bash shell.
In the Notes for linux relesase 0,.01 torvald lists the GNU sortware that is required to run Linux
GNU/Linux naming controversy
The designation
Linux under the GNU GPL
Torvalds first published the Linux kernel under its own licence, which had arestriction on commerical activity.
The software to use with the kernel was software developed as part of the GNU project licensed under the GNU General Public License, a free software license. The first release of the Linux kernel, Linux 0.01, included a binary of GNU’s Bash shell.
In the Notes for linux relesase 0.01 Torvalds list the GNU software that is required to reun Linux.
Who is Linux Torvalds.
Linus Benedict Torvalds is Finnish software engineer who is the creator and, for a long time, principal developer, of the Linux kernel, which became the kernel for operating systems such as GNU and years later Android and Chrome OS. he also created the distributed revision control system Git and the diving logging and planning osftware Subsurface. he was honored, along with
Linus Torvalds transformed technology twice -first with the Linux kernel, which helps power the internet, and agian with Git, the source code management system used by developers worldwide. In a rare interview with TED Curator Chris Anderson, Torvalds discusses wit hremarkable openness the personality traits that prompted his unique philosophy of work, engineering and life. I am not a visionary, I’m an engineer, Torvalds says. I’m perfectly happy with all the people who are walking around and just staring at the clouds but I’m looking ate the ground, and I want to fix the pothole that’s right in front of me before I fall in.
purr of a cat to make a soft, low, continuous sound, or to make a similar sound
someone who is extremely interested in computers, esp. someone whose only interest is computers :
Thanks to brilliant computer geeks, I can copy scan, fa,x and send photos all from a single machine
opposed to chaange or suggestion
he is sick, but he is too stubborn to see a doctor.
If something is stubborn, it is hard to fix or deal with
stubborn stains
a stubborn problem.

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